United Kennel Club





Border Terrier




The sequence follows FCI breed standard.

CLASSIFICATION

: Terrier

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

: The Border Terrier is one of the oldest terriers of Great Britain, developed in the border territory surrounding the Cheviot Hills. Farmers and shepherds who needed a dog that had legs long enough to follow a horse, yet was small enough to go to ground after a fox, kept him pure for generations. The Border Terrier was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1948.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

: The Border Terrier is built for endurance and agility. He is strongly made with medium bone and enough length of leg to follow a horse. The breed is rather narrow in shoulder, body and quarters, and is covered with a somewhat broken, close-fitting, intensely wiry jacket. His otter-like head is distinctive. In proportion, the height, measured at the withers, is slightly greater than the distance from the withers to the tail (for example, by about 1½ inches in a 14-pound dog).

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

: The breed is alert, active, agile and capable of squeezing through narrow openings as well as being able to travel rapidly over any type of terrain. They are extremely game when hunting, yet are good-natured, affectionate, obedient and easily trained.

HEAD

: Gives the impression of being like an otter.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

: moderately broad and flat, with plenty of width between the eyes the ears. The stop is a slight, moderately broad curve, not a pronounced indentation. The cheeks are slightly full.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

: black preferred, but liver or flesh colored are acceptable.

Muzzle

: short and strong.

Jaws/Teeth

: a full complement of strong, white teeth meet in a scissors or level bite.

Eyes

: dark with a keen expression.

Ears

: the ears are small, v-shaped and of moderate thickness. Set somewhat on the side of the head, not high, and drop forward close to the cheeks.

NECK

: Of moderate length, gradually widening into the shoulder.

BODY

: Deep, narrow and fairly long, capable of being spanned by a man’s hands behind the shoulder blades. Ribcage carried well back, but not overly sprung. Back supple but with no suggestions of weakness.

TAIL

: Moderately short tail, thick at the base, then tapering. Carried gaily when at attention; and may be dropped when the dog is at ease.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

: Shoulder blades long and well laid back.

FORELEGS

: The straight forelegs are not too heavy in bone. They are placed slightly wider than those of a Fox Terrier.

FEET

: Small and compact. The toes point forward and are moderately arched with thick pads.

HINDQUARTERS

: Muscular and racy.

HIND LEGS

: Long thighs, well-bent stifles and hocks close to the ground.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

: Movement is straight and rhythmical with good length of stride. The breed must be sound enough to follow a horse.

SKIN

: The hide is very thick while remaining loose fitting.

COAT

:

HAIR

: Harsh, dense and straight, with close fitting undercoat. The Border Terrier is to be exhibited in as close to natural state as possible. Acceptable trimming includes tidying up the head, neck and feet.

COLOUR

: Acceptable colors are red, wheaten, grizzle and tan and blue and tan.

SIZE

:

Weight

: Dogs: 13 to 15½ pounds. Bitches: 11½ to 14 pounds. These are the preferred weights for Border Terriers in working condition.

FAULTS

:
Teeth: undershot or overshot are serious faults.
Ears: ears breaking above the level of the skull.
Tail: Tail set on too high. Tail carried over the back.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

: Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.