United Kennel Club





Cairn Terrier




The sequence follows FCI breed standard.

CLASSIFICATION

: Terrier

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

: The Cairn Terrier was developed in Scotland to hunt otter, fox and other vermin along the shoreline. The Scottish, West Highland White and Cairn terriers were developed from the same stock, first called Scotch terriers and later Skye terriers. The three were often found in the same litter, distinguished only by color. The Cairn first competed for challenge certificates in England in 1912. The Cairn Terrier was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1959.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

: A small working terrier, agile and alert, with a shaggy, weather resistant coat and a natural appearance.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

: Active and game, with a fearless, gay but not aggressive disposition.

HEAD

: The head is shorter and wider than on any of the other terriers, and well furnished with hair, giving the dog a somewhat foxy expression.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

: Is broad in proportion to its length and there is a decided stop.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

: Black.

Muzzle

: Powerful, with strong jaws, but they are not long or heavy.

Jaws/Teeth

: A full complement of strong, large, white teeth meet in a scissors bite.

Eyes

: Set wide apart and fairly deep, medium in size, dark hazel in color. Shaggy eyebrows.

Ears

: Small and pointed, well carried and erect. Not too closely set nor heavily furnished.

NECK

: Well set on, not short.

BODY

: The back is level, of medium length, and ribs are well sprung and deep. Strong, supple loin.

TAIL

: Short, in balance with the head, well furnished with hair, but not feathery. Neither high nor low set, carried gaily, but not curled over back.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

: Sloping shoulders.

FORELEGS

: Medium length of leg with good, but not too heavy bone. Forelegs never out at the elbows. Legs perfectly straight, but feet may turn slightly out. Covered with harsh hair.

FEET

: Thick, strong pads. Forefeet larger than hind feet. Thin or splayed feet are objectionable.

HINDQUARTERS

:

HIND LEGS

: Very strong and muscular thighs. Good, but not excessive bend of stifle. Hocks well let down, inclining neither in nor out when viewed from the rear.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

: Free flowing, with good reach and drive.

COAT

:

HAIR

: Very important. Weather resistant. Must be double coated with profuse, harsh, but not coarse, outer coat; undercoat short, soft and close. A slight wave is permissible. Open coats are objectionable.

COLOUR

: Cream, wheaten, red, gray or nearly black. Brindling in these colors acceptable. Dark ears, muzzle and tail tip are typical.

SIZE

: Height: 11 to 12 inches in height Weight: 14 to 16 pounds in weight.

FAULTS

:

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

: Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.