|United Kennel Club|
French Spaniel(Epagneul Français)
The sequence follows FCI breed standard.
CLASSIFICATION: Gun Dog
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY: The French Spaniel is a descendant of the bird dogs used in the Middle Ages. The diverse varieties of hunting spaniels are descended from this breed. Through careful selection, the French Spaniel developed into an elegant and athletic pointing breed. The Epagneul Francais was recognized by the United Kennel Club January 1, 1996.
GENERAL APPEARANCE: Medium sized, well balanced, elegant and well muscled, with strong but not coarse bone.
BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT: Soft, calm and docile, the French Spaniel is an enthusiastic hunter, sociable with other animals and an ideal companion. He is an excellent pointing and retrieving dog.
HEAD: The head is of medium length and width, not heavy, and is carried proudly.
Skull: The skull is the same width from the ear to the eye. The superciliary arches are marked. In profile, the planes of the skull and the muzzle are slightly divergent.
Nose: Well pigmented, with wide open nostrils.
Muzzle: A little shorter than the skull. A slightly convex nasal bridge is preferred to a straight one. The upper lip falls vertically from the nose, and covers the lower jaw but is not pendulant.
Jaws/Teeth: The Epagneul Francais has a complete set of evenly spaced, white teeth meeting in a scissors or level bite.
Eyes: Quite large and oval in shape, dark amber in color, expressing softness and intelligence. The eyerims fit tightly.
Ears: The ears are set well back on the head at eye level. Pulled forward, the tip reaches just to the nose. The ears are well covered with wavy, silky hair down to the rounded tips.
NECK: Oval in shape, slightly arched, and without dewlap.
BODY: The body is longer than tall, fitting into a rectangle. The chest is deep and round, with a well developed forechest. The withers are quite high, lean and broad, and there is a slight downward slope from the withers to the topline, which is straight and firm in action. The loin is broad and powerful, and the croup is rounded and without any bony outline. The underline is slightly tucked up towards the belly.
TAIL: The tail is set below the topline, falls obliquely, and is curved like a saber. It is strong at the root, tapers toward the tip and reaches to the hock joint. It is furnished with long, wavy, silky fringes that get longer to the center part and then taper in length to the tip.
FOREQUARTERS: The shoulder blade is well attached and laid back at an angle of about 50 degrees. The upper arm is angled at about 60 degrees.
FORELEGS: The legs are straight, lean and muscular, and furnished with wavy, silky hair. The pastern joint is well defined and lean, and the pastern is slightly sloping.
FEET: Oval, with tight, well arched toes and firm pads.
HINDQUARTERS: Seen from behind, the hindquarters are vertical, with powerful, well muscled limbs.
HIND LEGS: The thighs are long, broad and well angulated. The hock joint is solid and strong.
GAIT / MOVEMENT: Easy, supple, energetic and elegant, with no exaggerated lift of the legs, and no rolling of the body.
HAIR: The coat is long and wavy on the ears, legs and tail. It is flat and silky on the body and short and fine on the head.
COLOUR: White and brown in irregular patches, with or without ticking and roaning. The brown varies from cinnamon to dark liver. A white blaze on the head is appreciated but its absence is not a fault. The pigment of all outer mucous membranes is brown.
Height at withers: Height at the withers for males is 22 to 24 inches. For females, it is 21.5 to 23 inches. There is a tolerance of up to one inch over the recommended size.
Appearance: Fine bone.
Skull: Skull too broad.
Muzzle: Muzzle too short.
Eyes: Light eyes.
Coat: Curly hair on the body. Lack of furnishings.
Color: White surrounding the eyes.
(An Eliminating Fault is a Fault serious enough that it eliminates the dog from obtaining any awards in a conformation event.) Size outside the limits of the standard.
Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism. Overshot or undershot. Any color other than white and brown.
Teeth: Overshot or undershot.
Color: Any color other than white and brown.