The sequence follows FCI breed standard.
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE OFFICIAL VALID STANDARD
: February 2009
: Powerful body and heavy coat, striking appearance. Marked contrast in size between dogs and bitches.
: A working sledge dog, primarily assessed for freighting capacity in Arctic conditions, adaptable, distinctly independent, alert and bold. Bitches more amenable.
BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT
: Sound, dignified, intelligent, good-natured, affectionate.
: Head well proportioned, broad and wedge-shaped with moderate stop. Skull strong and flat; powerful jaws. Nose and lips black or brown. Muzzle medium length, gently tapering to nose.
: Teeth large, strong and uncrowded. Jaws strong with perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaw.
: Dark brown or tawny. Placed slightly obliquely, neither prominent nor too deep set. Expression alert and fearless.
: Short and firm, well set apart. Carried shapely erect and facing forward. Internally protected by fur.
: Rather short, heavy and muscular, with loose skin.
: Chest deep and broad with well sprung ribs. Body strong and well muscled, with level back, presenting a well balanced and compact appearance. Length of body slightly greater than height at shoulder.
: Large and bushy. Set high, curled loosely over back and falling either side.
: Shoulders broad, big boned and muscular. Forelegs perfectly straight and vertical in stance, powerful and heavy-boned.
: Rather large and strong, with strong nails. Thick pads with protective growth of fur between toes.
: Thighs broad, strong and heavily muscled. Stifles well bent, hocks well let down. Heavy bone. Legs straight when viewed from rear.
GAIT / MOVEMENT
: Strong drive, limbs moving parallel, back held level.
: Thick double coat consisting of an impenetrable undercoat 2.5-5 cms (1-2 ins) long, uniform over body, with well protruding outer coat of coarser longer hair, which is quite straight. Outer coat at its longest on neck and withers, breeches and underside of tail. Underbelly also well covered. Hair on head and legs rather short.
: All known dog colours, or combinations of these colours.
: Height: dogs: 58-68 cms (23-27 ins) at shoulder; bitches: 51-61 cms (20-24 ins) at shoulder. Weight: dogs: 34-47.5 kgs (75-105 lbs), bitches: 27-41 kgs (60-90 lbs).
: Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.
Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.