|Fédération Cynologique Internationale|
FCI-Standard N° 289
Icelandic Sheepdog(Islenskur Fjárhundur)
These illustrations do not necessarily show the ideal example of the breed.
The sequence might differ slightly from the original breed standard.
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE OFFICIAL VALID STANDARD: 06.03.2007.
UTILISATION: Herding dog.
|Group 5||Spitz and primitive types|
|Section 3||Nordic Watchdogs and Herders|
|Without working trial|
TRANSLATION: Helga Andrésdóttir.
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY: The Icelandic Sheepdog is Iceland’s only native dog. It was brought to Iceland with the first Viking settlers (AD 874 - 930). The Icelandic Sheepdog and its method of working adapted to the local terrain, farming methods and the hard struggle for survival of the Icelandic people over the centuries, making it indispensable in the rounding up of livestock on the farms. The Icelandic sheepdog’s popularity has increased over the last few decades and, despite the fact the breed is still very small in numbers, it is no longer considered to be in danger of extinction.
GENERAL APPEARANCE: The Icelandic Sheepdog is a Nordic herding Spitz, slightly under medium sized with prick ears and a curled tail. Seen from the side the dog is rectangular; the length of the body from the point of shoulder to point of buttock is greater than the height at withers. The depth of the chest is equal to the length of the foreleg. The expression is gentle, intelligent and happy. A confident and lively bearing is typical for this dog. There are two types of coat, long and short both thick and extremely weatherproof. There is a marked difference in appearance between the sexes.
BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT: The Icelandic Sheepdog is a hardy and agile herding dog which barks, making it extremely useful for herding or driving livestock in the pastures, in the mountains or finding stray sheep. The Icelandic Sheepdog is by nature very alert and will always give visitors an enthusiastic welcome without being aggressive. Hunting instincts are not strong. The Icelandic Sheepdog is cheerful, friendly, inquisitive, playful and unafraid.
HEAD: Strongly built with close fitting skin. Skull slightly longer than muzzle. Triangular when seen from above or the side.
Skull: Somewhat domed.
Stop: Clearly defined though neither steep nor high.
Nose: Black, dark brown in chocolate brown and some cream dogs.
Muzzle: Well-developed, nasal bridge straight. Muzzle slightly shorter than skull. Tapering evenly towards the nose to form a blunt triangle when seen from both above and from the side.
Lips: Black, close fitting, dark brown in chocolate brown and some cream dogs.
Jaws/Teeth: Scissor bite. Complete dentition.
Eyes: Of medium size and almond shaped. Dark brown. Slightly lighter in chocolate brown and some cream dogs. The eye-rims are black. Dark brown in chocolate brown and some cream dogs.
Ears: Erect and of medium size. Triangular with firm edges and slightly rounded tips. Very mobile, reacting sensitively to sounds and showing the dog’s mood.
NECK: Moderately long and muscular with no loose skin. Slightly arched and carried high.
BODY: Rectangular and strong. The length in correct proportion to height and in harmony with general appearance.
Back: Level, muscular and strong.
Loin: Broad and muscular .
Croup: Moderately short and wide, slightly sloping and well muscled.
Chest: Long, deep and well sprung.
Underline and belly: Only a slight tuck up.
TAIL: High set, curled over and touching the back.
FOREQUARTERS: When seen from the front the forelegs are straight, parallel and strong. Normal angulation.
Shoulder: Oblique and muscular.
Pastern: Dew claws: May be double.
Forefeet: Slightly oval toes well-arched and tight with well-developed pads.
Hind feet: Same as forefeet.
HINDQUARTERS: When seen from behind the hindlegs are straight, parallel and strong. Normal angulation.
Thigh: Broad and well muscled.
Rear pastern: Well-developed double dewclaws are desirable.
GAIT / MOVEMENT: Displays agility and endurance with good driving action covering the ground effortlessly.
Double coat, thick and extremely weatherproof.
There are two variants: Short haired and Longer-haired
- a) Short haired: The outer coat of medium length, fairly coarse, with a thick, soft undercoat. The hair is shorter on the face, top of head, ears and front of legs, longer on the neck, chest and back of thighs. The tail is bushy and the hair length is in proportion to the coat.
- b) Longer-haired: The outer coat is longer than the above, fairly coarse, with a thick, soft undercoat. The hair is shorter on the face, top of head, ears and front of legs, longer behind the ears, on the neck, chest, behind the forelegs and back of thighs. The tail is very bushy and the hair length is in proportion to the coat.
Several colours are permitted but a single colour should always be predominant. The predominant colours are
- Various shades of tan, ranging from cream to reddish brown.
- Chocolate brown.
Height at withers: Ideal height is Dogs 46 cm. Bitches 42 cm.
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
- A solid black mantle or saddle on any of the various tan coloured dogs.
- No dewclaws.
- Yellow eyes.
- Round protruding eyes.