Fédération Cynologique Internationale



FCI-Standard N° 317

Kai



These illustrations do not necessarily show the ideal example of the breed.

The sequence might differ slightly from the original breed standard.

ORIGIN

: Japan.

DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE OFFICIAL VALID STANDARD

: 20.12.1994.

UTILISATION

: Hunting dog, companion.

FCI-CLASSIFICATION

:
Group 5Spitz and primitive types
Section 5Asian Spitz and related breeds
Without working trial


BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

: This breed originated from medium-sized dogs that existed in Japan in the ancient times. It became established as a breed in the Kai district (Yamanashi Prefecture), which is surrounded by mountains. Another name for this breed is « Kai tora-ken ». A distinguishing feature in this dog is its brindled coat. These dogs are used mainly for hunting wild boar and deer. Their strong inclination to form a pack is thought to contribute towards maintaining the purity of the breed. The breed was designated as a « natural monument » in 1934.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

: Medium-sized dog, well balanced, sturdily built, muscles well developed. The dog has the characteristics of a dog living in mountainous districts of Japan. Limbs strong and hocks remarkably developed.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

: The ratio of height at withers to length of body is 10 11.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

: The temperament is keen and very alert.

HEAD

:

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

: Forehead broad.

Stop

: Abrupt with slight furrow.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

: Black, nasal bridge straight.

Muzzle

: Pointed, not very long, but moderately thick.

Lips

: Tight.

Jaws/Teeth

: Strong with a scissor bite.

Cheeks

: Well developed.

Eyes

: Relatively small, nearly triangular and dark brown in colour.

Ears

: Slightly larger than those of other medium-sized Japanese dogs, triangular, slightly inclining forward and firmly pricked.

NECK

: Thick, powerful and muscular.

BODY

:

Withers

: High.

Back

: Straight and short.

Loin

: Broad and muscular.

Chest

: Deep, ribs moderately sprung.

Underline and belly

: Well tucked up.

TAIL

: Set on high, thick, vigorously curled or carried curved like a sickle over the back. Tip nearly reaching the hocks when let down.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:

Shoulder

: Moderately sloping with developed muscles.

Elbow

: Close to the body.

Forearm

: Straight, heavy and muscular.

Pastern

: Slightly inclining.

FEET

:

Forefeet

: Toes well arched and tightly knit; pads thick and elastic; nails hard and preferably dark in colour.

Hind feet

: See Forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:

Thigh

: Long.

Lower thigh

: Short.

Hock

: Tough and elastic.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

: Light and resilient.

COAT

:

HAIR

: Outer coat harsh and straight; undercoat soft and dense. The hair on the tail is fairly long and off-standing.

COLOUR

: Black brindle, red brindle and brindle. As a feature of this breed, solid colour in puppyhood may turn brindle as the dog grows.

SIZE

:

Height at withers

:
Dogs 53 cm.
Bitches 48 cm.
There is a tolerance of + 3 cm.

FAULTS

:
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
  • Bitchy dogs/doggy bitches.
  • Light-coloured nose.
  • Slightly overshot or undershot mouth.
  • Light-coloured eyes.
  • Long or short hair.
  • Shyness.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
  • Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Extremely overshot or undershot mouth.
  • Ears not pricked.
  • Hanging tail, short tail.
  • Faded colour.
  • Coat with many white spots.
  • Extreme shyness.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.