United Kennel Club





Pekingese




The sequence follows FCI breed standard.

CLASSIFICATION

: Companion Dog

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

: The origin of the Pekingese breed has been lost in the mists of time, but they are believed to be descendants of the ancient, lion-like Chinese "Fo Dogs" that were believed to ward off evil spirits. They were a favorite of the Chinese Imperial Court and only select people were allowed to own them. The Pekingese was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1948.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

: The Pekingese is well-balanced and lion-like in appearance, with an alert, intelligent expression. The breed is small, thickset and double-coated. The breed carries itself with an air of dignity and quality. It should be free of respiratory distress caused from excessive face/nose wrinkles or insufficient nostrils and able to move freely and soundly. In proportion it is slightly longer than tall.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

: A fearless and loyal breed, rather aloof but never timid or aggressive.

HEAD

: The head is large, proportionally wider than it is deep.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

: The skull is wide and flat between the ears, never domed. There is a pronounced stop that is accented by a slight nose wrinkle.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

: Relatively short, wide, flat nose is black in color, and has large, open nostrils.

Muzzle

: Must be evident and allow for comfortable breathing. Proportionately short, in comparison to the size of the dog, and wide, with a firm underjaw. There is a wrinkle, preferably broken, that extends from the cheeks to the bridge of the nose in an inverted ‘V’, without being excessive or affecting the dog’s breathing. The wrinkle should not obscure either the eyes or the nose. The black lips meet evenly and fully cover the teeth.

Jaws/Teeth

: A full complement of strong, white teeth meet in an undershot bite. A strong underjaw is essential.

Eyes

: Prominent, but not bulging, round eyes are dark and lustrous. They are set far apart, and no white shows. The eye rims are black.

Ears

: The heart-shaped ears have long feathers. They are set level to the skull, and carried close to the head. The ear leather is never long enough to come below the muzzle.

NECK

: Short and thick.

BODY

: Short, heavier in front than rear, tapering to a distinct waist. The chest is broad, and the ribs are well sprung and slung between the forelegs. The topline is level.

TAIL

: The tail is set high, and lies tightly over the back to either side.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

: Shoulders and upper arms are well laid back and fit closely to the body.

FORELEGS

: Short and thick, with heavy bone. Slightly bowed between the pastern and the elbow, which should be held close to the body. The pasterns are moderately sloping, and the front feet turn out slightly. Dog stands well up on feet, not down on pasterns.

FEET

: Large and flat. Not round. The toes are well feathered. The Pekingese stands well up on his feet, not on his pasterns.

HINDQUARTERS

:

HIND LEGS

: Strong and well-muscled. The hind legs have slightly less bone than the forelegs, and moderate angulation. Stifles are well defined. Hocks are firm and tight. Viewed from behind, the legs are strong, parallel and fairly close together. Feet point straight ahead.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

: Soundness is of the utmost importance. Movement is slow and dignified, with a roll in the front quarters. Action behind is close.

COAT

:

HAIR

: The breed is double coated. The long, straight outer coat is rather coarse, while the undercoat is soft and dense. Feathers are found on the thighs, legs, tail, ears and toes. The mane forms a ruff or frill around the neck and extends beyond the shoulder blades. The whole of the coat should not affect the dog’s movement, nor appear cumbersome. Should be shown groomed minimally.

COLOUR

: All colors and markings are equally permissible.

SIZE

: Pekingese look small but should feel surprisingly heavy when picked up. Ideal weight should not exceed 14 pounds.

FAULTS

:
Hind Legs: Dog whose rear is weak or excessively narrow.
Feet: Dog standing on pasterns and not on feet.
Coat: Curly or wavy outer coat.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
Eyes: Bulging eyes Incomplete blink, Visible white.
Nose: Pinched nostrils. Dudley nose.
Ears: Ears that come below the muzzle.
Forelegs: Weak pasterns. Pasterns sloping sharply. Standing down on pasterns.
Size: Over 14 pounds in weight.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:

Appearance: Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid.
Characteristics: Viciousness or extreme shyness.
Muzzle: Heavy wrinkles that affect breathing and/or obstruct normal vision. Muzzle so short as to affect breathing.
Teeth: Overshot bite. Wry mouth.
Teeth: Teeth or tongue showing when the mouth is closed.
Eyes: Entropionism, ectropionism.
Color: Albinism.
Muzzle: Muzzle so short as to affect breathing.
Head: Heavy wrinkles that affect breathing and/or obstruct normal vision.
Teeth: Teeth or tongue showing when the mouth is closed.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.