The Kennel Club





St. Bernard




The sequence follows FCI breed standard.

DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE OFFICIAL VALID STANDARD

: October 2009

CLASSIFICATION

: Working

GENERAL APPEARANCE

: Well proportioned and of great substance.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

: Distinctly marked, large-sized, mountain-rescue dog.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

: Steady, kindly, intelligent, courageous, trustworthy and benevolent.

HEAD

: Large, circumference of skull being more than double its length. Muzzle short, full in front of eye and square at nose end. Cheeks flat, great depth from eye to lower jaw. Lips deep but not too pendulous. From nose to stop perfectly straight and broad. Stop somewhat abrupt and well defined. Skull broad, slightly rounded at top, with fairly prominent brow. Nose large and black with well developed nostrils.

FACIAL REGION

:

Muzzle

: Jaws strong with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Well developed teeth of good size.

Eyes

: Of medium size, neither deep set nor prominent, eyelids should be reasonably tight. Excessive haw must be heavily penalised. Dark in colour and not staring. There should be no excessive loose wrinkle on brow which would detract from a healthy eye. Free from obvious eye problems.

Ears

: Medium size, lying close to cheeks, not heavily feathered.

NECK

: Long, thick, muscular, slightly arched, dewlap well developed.

BODY

: Back broad, level, ribs well rounded. Loin wide, very muscular. Broad croup sloping slightly to set on of tail. Chest wide and deep, but never projecting below elbows.

TAIL

: Set on rather high, long, carried low when in repose, when excited or in motion should not curl over back.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

: Shoulders broad and sloping, well up at withers. Legs straight, strong in bone, of good length.

FEET

: Large, compact with well arched toes.

HINDQUARTERS

: Broad, strong and well muscled. Legs heavy in bone. Moderate bend of stifle with firm, strong hocks. Well developed first and second thighs. When viewed from the rear the hindlegs are perfectly straight, turning neither in nor out and not too close together. Straight hocks are highly undesirable.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

: Easy extension, unhurried and smooth, with power from the hindquarters. Back remaining level and firm. The feet should move along straight lines with the rear feet tracking the fore. Capable of covering difficult terrain. Absolute soundness essential.

COAT

:

HAIR

: Roughs: dense and flat, rather fuller round neck, thighs and tail well feathered. Smooths: close and hound-like, slight feathering on thighs and tail.

COLOUR

: Orange, mahogany-brindle, red-brindle, white with patches on body of any of the above named colours. Markings as follows: White muzzle, white blaze on face, white collar, white chest, white forelegs, feet and end of tail, black shadings on face and ears.

SIZE

: Minimum height: dogs 75 cms (30 ins), bitches 70 cms (28 ins). Size is desirable but only is combined with quality, correct balance and absolute soundness.

FAULTS

: Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.