|Fédération Cynologique Internationale|
FCI-Standard N° 142
Slovakian Chuvach(Slovenský Cuvac)
The sequence might differ slightly from the original breed standard.
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE OFFICIAL VALID STANDARD: 18.08.1965.
UTILISATION: This derives from his age old use as a shepherd and mountain dog in bare high mountain regions and as a guard dog for farms and borders.
|Group 1||Sheepdogs and Cattledogs|
|Without working trial|
TRANSLATION: Mrs. Chris Seidler.
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY: Slovak alpine farming has a very ancient tradition. The Slovak mountain people were largely free people, not suppressed by medieval forced labour, which protected the frontiers and paid its dues merely in the form of “sheep’s cheese”. Their organization was called “Wallachischer Bund (Union)” (Valasski Opasek), whose centre (until the repeal of forced labour) was in Kaschau. The members of this, basically, herding and military organization, carried out their service on the mountain meadows, always together with their typical dogs, the watch dogs of the Tatra and they were always depicted with them.
As a good guard, watch dog and companion as well as guide for the shepherds, the Tatra Chuvach has also proved his worth in the guarding of cattle, driving poultry and other domestic animals to pasture, as well as guarding different objects. On the Polish side of the Tatra, where a similar breed, the Goral Dogs (Mountain Dogs), are kept, specially powerful animals are called “Liptauer” by the people which points to the Slovak origin.
The Stud Book of the Tatra Chuvach in Czechoslovakia was founded more than thirty years ago by Professor Anton Hruza of the Brno Veterinary College. The basic material stemmed from the area of the places Liptovska Luzna, Kokava, Vychodna v. Tatrach and the neighbourhood of Rachovo in the Carpathians. The first breeding establishment had the name “Ze zlaté studny” (of the Golden Fountain) and was founded in Svitavy and Brno. The Carpathian kennel had the prefix “Z Hoverla” (Of Hoverla). Further old blood lines stem from the places Liptovské Hole, Velky Choc, Zakopané, Martin, Jedlova and Jeseniky.
GENERAL APPEARANCE: The Tatra Chuvach’s breed characteristics conform in type with those of a mountain dog of firm constitution, impressive appearance and thick white coat. He has a strong bone, a lively temperament and is vigilant, fearless and alert. For centuries he has been accustomed to the harsh climate of the Slovakian mountains, especially the Tatra mountains. His format is well within the shape of a moderate rectangle, the body resting on strong rather high limbs. His vigilance and alertness helped to give him his name, as the Slovak word “Cuvat” means to hear.
BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT: He is boundlessly faithful and courageous, always ready to fight off any intruder, be it even bears and wolves. In order to distinguish him from wild beasts in the night, he is, according to ancient tradition, only bred in white.
Skull: Strong, longish in shape, broad between the ears. The broad forehead has a shallow furrow tapering away towards the rear. Superciliary ridges are in proportion and slanted sideways. Top of head flat. Neck clearly defined from strong, moderately protruding nape of neck. Top of head, in profile, slightly domed compared to bridge of nose.
Nose: Black, especially in summer.
Muzzle: Straight in profile and about half length of had, fairly broad, tapering towards the front. Strong, of medium length, blunt.
Lips: Close fitting, corner of mouth closed. Mucous membranes black, forming a narrow, not overhanging frame to the mouth. Medium thickness. Palate black.
Jaws/Teeth: Strong, always with complete scissor bite.
Eyes: Dark brown, oval shape, set in horizontally. Eyelids black, close fitting. Membrane in the inside corner of the eye dark, making the eye expressive.
Ears: Set on high, mobile at set on. Of moderate length, hanging, lying close to head. Half way down, the ear has finer hair. When in repose, the rounded lower edge reaches to mouth level.
NECK: Set on straight. Carried high when alert. In male dogs very powerful with good name. No dewlap.
Back: Straight. Of medium length and strong.
Loin: Moderately arched. Well attached to the sacrum, muscular, very strong and adequately long.
Croup: Strong, broad and slightly sloping.
Chest: Chest: Broad. Sternum bone reaching up to the height of shoulder joints.
Ribcage: Well sprung ribs. Sternum above half height at withers and reaching lower than elbows. The length of the ribcage exceeds half the body length; its breadth is a quarter of the height at withers.
Ribs: Arched, inclined towards rear and forming a clear transition to the flanks.
Underline and belly: Belly and flanks appropriate, moderate tuck up.
TAIL: Set on low. Standing and in repose hanging low, reaching to hock joints. Shape straight like a cigar, not curled at tip. When moving carried curled over loin.
FOREQUARTERS: Position straight, pillar-like, with good angulation of upper arm and elbow. Feet strong, round, tight. Legs generally rather long, specially in males.
Shoulder: Well laid back and long. Upper arm muscular and firmly attached to the body, inclined towards elbow.
Forearm: Vertical, strong, muscular and long.
Pastern: Pastern joint: Bony and strong.
Pastern: Short, strong and moderately inclined.
Forefeet: Strong toes and nails, firmly arched and round in shape. Well coated, with fleshy black pads.
Hind feet: Are slightly longer than frond feet, otherwise same shape. Toes somewhat stronger and more arched.
HINDQUARTERS: Buttocks, together with upper thighs, from a muscular whole, longish in shape and of considerable breadth.
Stifle: Well muscled and well angulated.
Lower thigh: Sloping, strong, well muscled.
Hock joint: Strong, with blunt angle; rather low set but well defined and large.
Hock: Short and strong. Position vertical. There is no restriction at transition to hock. Dewclaws undesired.
GAIT / MOVEMENT: Surprisingly light footed in spite of his powerful build, agile and quick, in every terrain and in all weathers; with preference for trot.
SKIN: Loose on body, otherwise close fitting. Skin pink; black pigmentation only round the eyes, the neck and muzzle where it merges with the black mucous membranes. Pads also black.
With the exception on head and limbs, the hair form a dense coat without a parting on the back and without feathering on tail and buttocks. Males have a striking name. Hair is short and close on head and legs, slightly longer on rearside of legs. Short hair gradually merges from set-on of ears into the mane. Undercoat is completely covered by long hair in top coat. The latter is 5 to 15cm. Most wavy on mane, elsewhere moderately wavy, forming numerous waves across the back which merge into each other. Single waves, not joined, are undesired.
Required is a light dense coat.
Undercoat: hair fine and dense, in length up to half or two thirds of hair of top coat. The undercoat is shed during the summer, so the coat loses its density, but remains light throughout the year on account of the wavy topcoat which forms no parting on the back.
COLOUR: White. Yellowish shading at set on of ears permitted but not desired. Distinct yellow patches are not permitted.
Height at withers:
Dogs 62 to 70 cm.
Females 59 to 65 cm.
Dogs 36 to 44 kg.
Females 31 to 37 kg.
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
Pincer bite, missing teeth.
Unsymmetric position of the ears.
Flat, not sufficiently deep chest.
Tail lateratelly deviated.
Close fitting fringy coat, also completely wavy coat.
Lack of coat on belly, flanks and genitals.
Results of tickets or distemper.
Excessively nervous, unbalanced character.
Aggressive or overly shy.
Pink spots on nose leather, lips or eyelids.
Yellow patches in coat.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.